The aim of the project is a complex comparative analysis of the process of transformation and strategies of development in five Czech rural communities which in the last decade have been affected by a specific form of international rural tourism commonly known as Dutch villages that include both Dutch second home ownership and recreational complexes. The project focuses on how contemporary forms of voluntary mobility and international tourism affect local ideas of development. More specifically, we aim to explore an ongoing socio-economic, political, cultural, demographic transformation of the rural communities under study. Researching rural development will take place in an interdisciplinary framework. The issue of transformation and development of the rural communities will be analysed from the perspective of the anthropology of tourism and social geography.

1. Doc. PaedDr. Hana Horáková, PhD. and her role in the project:

HH will be responsible for the project as a whole during the entire duration of the project and will conduct ethnographic fieldwork at three department sites. She will coordinate the participation of co-operating the research assistant Dr. Tereza Hyánková, and the students of MVES and Social Anthropology in fieldwork (methodological guidance, supervision). Her major task will be teamwork coordination, output project processing including coordination and compiling of research reports, coordination and inspection of outputs of individual research team members, coordination and initialisation of publication activities. She will guarantee the entire process of ethnographic research across the five research sites. She will present project results at both the planned workshops and the conference, and will participate in three other international conferences. She will publish as an author or co-author at least three articles, at least one of them in an international journal, and will contribute to the final book. The share in the project solution is 30% of her working capacity.

Co-operating foreign tertiary institutions: 1. University of London, International Institute for Culture Tourism and Development, contact person Prof. Tom, Selwyn 2. University

of Primorska, University of Ljubljana; contact person Dr. Irena Weber. Previous research relevant for the project: HH has extensive experience with ethnographic qualitative research (South Africa 2002 – 2004; Dolní Roveň 2001-2005; Dobrzien Wielki, Poland 2007-8). HH has recently co-authored a book on the transformations of rural communities (Horáková, Boscoboinik 2011). As a result of her participation in international research projects, she contributed articles to two international peer-reviewed journals: Acta Historica Universitatis Klaipedensis XIX (2010b); Anthropological Notebooks 16 (2010a). She is engaged in the transformation of local communities and their re-studies within the European Union. Altogether, she has published a number of journal articles and book chapters in the field of social anthropology devoted to culture change (e.g. Horáková 2009, 2008, 2007; Novotná 2005, Novotná 2004). She accomplished a research project (FRVS-F5/c) entitled Anthropology of Tourism (2007), and Specific Science grant Upa Social Anthropology of the European Union: Changing Local Communities (2006). She has presented diverse aspects of the issue under study at international conferences, e.g. EASA (European Association of Social Anthropologists) Crisis and Imagination, Maynooth, Ireland; workshop Transformation of rural communities in Europe: from production to consumption (2010);

conference Anthropological Approaches to Identity Politics: focus on regions borderlands, and diasporas. Klaipėda University Center of Social Anthropology, Lithuania; paper Second Homes, Tourism, Mobility and Identity. Intercultural communication between ‘hosts’ and ‘guests’ in Czech ‘Dutch villages’ (2009); First Joint Biennial CASA- SASA Conference in Pezinok, Slovakia, paper Modern rurality: temporary migration and identity in Czech ‘Dutch villages’(2009); EASA conference Experiencing Diversity and Mutuality, Lubljana, Slovenia, paper Perspectives on Tourism in the Czech Republic: Old Approaches, New Dilemmas (2008).

2. Dept. of Social Geography and Regional Development, Faculty of Science Charles university, ranks among the biggest geographical institutions in the CR. It deals both with resort projects and the Czech Science Foundation projects. This project is meant to expand on the partial outcomes of, e.g. GAČR 403/07/0743 The role of human and social capital in the process of integration of peripheries into regional structures of the CR within a new Europe; VaV MMRČR no. WD-01-07-1 Regional differentiation of villages in the CR: disparity and the possibilities of development; and the abovementioned GAČR 403/09/1491.The department is fully equipped (logis tics, IT, personnel – including the involvement of students of all three levels) to conduct another research project.

2. RNDr. Dana Fialová, PhD. and her role in the project:

DF will conduct research in one research site – at Lipno. She will present project results at both the planned workshops and the conference, and will participate in three other international conferences. She will publish as an author or co-author at least three articles, at least one of them in an international journal, and will contribute to the final book.

Previous research relevant for the project: DF´s research interests lie in the geography of tourism, focusing on second homes that are studied both from the tourism perspective, and as part of settlement system or a specific lifestyle. Her published work in this sphere include Fialová 1992; Fialová 2000; her contribution to monographs (Bičík et al 2001), in particular Czech volume Regional differentiation of second homes in the CR (Vágner, Fialová 2004) as the research project outcomes (GAUK and GAČR). Her further publications include Fialová 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006; Fialová, Vágner 2009; Kadlecová, Fialová 2010. She presented research outcomes at international conferences both in the CR (Ostrava 2010; Prague 2010) and abroad (Kyoto 2009).