The aim of the project is a complex comparative analysis of the process of transformation and strategies of development in five Czech rural communities which in the last decade have been affected by a specific form of international rural tourism commonly known as Dutch villages that include both Dutch second home ownership and recreational complexes. The project focuses on how contemporary forms of voluntary mobility and international tourism affect local ideas of development. More specifically, we aim to explore an ongoing socio-economic, political, cultural, demographic transformation of the rural communities under study. Researching rural development will take place in an interdisciplinary framework. The issue of transformation and development of the rural communities will be analysed from the perspective of the anthropology of tourism and social geography.